Hemorrhoids are caused by inflammation (swelling) of the veins along the walls of the rectal canal. Internal hemorrhoids do not present externally whereas external hemorrhoids are pushed outside the anus. External hemorrhoids are a common occurrence while internal hemorrhoids are rare.
There are a variety of causes for both internal and external hemorrhoids but most frequently the condition results from straining for long periods to pass stool, usually due to constipation.
Symptoms To Look Out For
External hemorrhoids (also referred to as piles) present with an itching and burning sensation and can result in mild discomfort to extreme pain. On the other hand, internal hemorrhoids do not present any symptoms that result in pain or discomfort.
Internal hemorrhoids are therefore difficult to detect unless a fissure or tear appears in the anal lining resulting in blood being present in the stool.
However, blood in the feces could point to other more serious medical conditions so it is important to seek a diagnosis from a doctor immediately. A fissure or tear in the anal lining could also result in complications such as infection resulting if the condition is not treated promptly.
Treating Hemorrhoid Symptoms
Treating the hemorrhoids with an anti-inflammatory cream and antibiotics is very effective in staving off infection and reducing the swelling.
To accurately diagnose the condition your GP (general practitioner) will perform a physical rectal exam to establish the presence and location of the hemorrhoids.
If your doctor is concerned about complications or more serious conditions, he may request that you undergo an anoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy or barium enema. These procedures are used to look for abnormal growths inside the rectum, large and small intestines.
You can also consider using homeopathic remedies. They’re natural and do not cause serious side effects. One such product is Venapro which has become very popular as its helping lots of people to relieve their hemorrhoids. Why not check out a few Venapro product reviews to find out more. You never know it could be the solution you’ve always been looking for.
There are some additional signs that you should be aware of that could be caused by internal hemorrhoids. Bright red blood that is present not only in the feces but also on your toilet paper or in the toilet bowl.
Darker blood could mean the presence of a different medical condition. You may also find it more difficult to pass stool or feel as though your bowels were not fully evacuated. This results in additional straining which can further exacerbate the problem.
Treating The Causes
Apart from seeking immediate medical treatment, there are other measures you can take to alleviate the symptoms of internal hemorrhoids and prevent the condition from recurring. A change in diet is the most effective.
Ensuring that you eat enough fiber will prevent constipation and including foods that have anti-inflammatory properties can be helpful. Fresh fruit and vegetables are a great source of dietary fiber. Tomatoes, green leafy vegetables, berries and fatty fish have anti-inflammatory properties.
Options For Chronic and Severe Cases
If the internal hemorrhoids persist or recur regularly after treatment with creams and antibiotics, more extreme measures may be necessary for a permanent solution. The most common procedure is called rubber band litigation.
The process involves tying small elastic bands around the affected veins to prevent blood flow, thereby reducing the inflammation. A less popular form of treatment involves the use of laser coagulation which results in the veins being chemically cauterized or burnt away.
In extreme cases, a surgical procedure, called a hemorroidectomy, to remove the engorged veins permanently may be necessary.
However, this procedure is the least preferred treatment as all types of surgery carry certain risks.